GRC joins the calls urging the UNSC to ensure accountability for crimes in Yemen
GRC echoes the call made by its partner organisation, Mwatana for Human Rights, urging members of the UN Security Council (UNSC) to demonstrate leadership and implement the latest recommendations made by the UN Group of Eminent Experts on Yemen (GEE) and the UNSC Panel of Experts on Yemen (PoE) aimed at ensuring accountability for crimes committed in Yemen and reparations and justice for victims.
In its September 2020 report and UNSC briefing on 3 December 2020, the GEE urge the UNSC to refer the situation in Yemen to the International Criminal Court, expand the list of persons subject to UNSC sanctions and establish an independent investigative mechanism for Yemen (similar to the IIIM for Syria). It also called on third countries to examine the possibility of initiating universal jurisdiction prosecutions and encouraged dialogue regarding the establishment of a special tribunal for the prosecution of the most serious crimes.
As highlighted by both UN Special Envoy, Martin Griffiths, and Head of OCHA, Mark Lowcock, during their February 2021 UNSC briefing on the situation in Yemen, currently 16 million Yemenis are suffering from food insecurity, while 5 million people are on the brink of famine. Among other things, Lowcock called for the protection of the civilian population and unhindered humanitarian access.
While the number of civilians at risk of famine has continued to increase during the conflict in Yemen, existing avenues for holding perpetrators of deliberate starvation of the civilian population as a weapon of war remain limited.
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