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KOMPASS REPORT 2020 RELEASED – “The Vicious Cycle of Conflict and Hunger: Germany’s Role in Preventing Man-Made Starvation”

15 May 2020

Welt Hunger Hilfe (WHH) is one of Germany’s biggest private development and humanitarian organisations, focusing on the eradication of hunger and poverty.

 

Today’s release of their Kompass Report to which Global Rights Compliance and Terre Des Hommes contributed, focusses on conflict and hunger. Its release is more timely than ever with warnings of “multiple famines of biblical proportions” following COVID-19. A hunger pandemic causing 135 million people to face crisis levels of hunger or worse demands our attention.

 

In August 2019, WHH sought GRC’s expertise in relation to the law of starvation, contracting us to assist in their 2020 Kompass publication. The focus of this year’s publication will be on the rise of conflict and hunger and how this intersects with Germany’s pledges to Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 2 – Zero Hunger, and their work at the UN Security Council on strengthening IHL.

 

GRC supported WHH in convening two in-country workshops with the WHH project teams in Mali and South Sudan on starvation in October and November 2019. The Kompass Report reveals, in some instances, for the first time, the scale of food insecurity and starvation, in these countries.

 

The Kompass Report poses five key recommendations aimed at the German government, the second largest humanitarian-aid donor globally.

 

1. Strengthen SDG and Human Rights Monitoring and Reporting
2. Operationalise UNSC Resolution 2417
3. Strengthen International Law and the Protection of Civilians
4. Support Regional Structures and Mechanisms of Countries Affected by Conflict and Hunger
5. Support Women’s Roles in Conflict Prevention and Peacebuilding in Countries Affected by Conflict and Hunger

 

At the core of these recommendations are different policies around the implementation of the landmark UNSC 2417. The launch of the Kompass 2020 publication to the German Government, media and affiliated humanitarian organisations in Berlin can be followed live here.

 

One of GRC’s Partners, Catriona Murdoch was interviewed by WHH on the Kompass findings and recommendations. The full interview can be accessed here, and an abridged question and answer version is available on twitter here. A further expert panel is scheduled in June with WHH, GRC and the Centre for Humanitarian Action in Berlin.

 

Combined, the Kompass recommendations have the potential to create the political pressure required to convert public commitments on the SDGs into action, sustainably support effective humanitarian work, and strengthen the international law prohibiting starvation. Many challenges still remain in the fight against hunger and under-nutrition, with the recent COVID-19 pandemic, extreme climatic events, violent conflicts, and economic slowdowns and crises continue to contribute to hunger in many parts of the world. If we are to combat this rise of hunger and man-made starvation, we need to urgently address its primary immediate cause: conflict and the fact that nearly half of the global population suffering from hunger reside in war-torn countries. We urge Germany to lead efforts towards relegating these ancient methods of warfare to the past and instead focus on the future goal of achieving Zero Hunger.

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