Global Rights Compliance is currently drafting a Legal and Investigative Training Manual. This Manual will provide both legal practitioners and civil society actors the tools and guidelines necessary to identify and document the crime of starvation. Global Rights Compliance and the World Peace Foundation have been apprised of some of the particular challenges faced by relevant civil society actors seeking to gather sufficient documentation to secure justice for victims of starvation. The purpose of the Manual will be to build the capacity of those actors, strengthening their mandates and ensuring that they can better fulfill their role of delivering humanitarian aid safely and without impediment. It will also provide insight on how to build evidential dossiers meeting international standards for use in judicial or adjudicative mechanisms, including the International Criminal Court (‘ICC’), UN Treaty and Charter Bodies and in national jurisdictions.
The Manual will incorporate the practical demands of humanitarian practice and policy as identified in the initial stakeholder meeting and inception report. Global Rights Compliance and the World Peace Foundation are alive to the consequences of accountability efforts for those operating on the ground, the purpose of this Manual will not be to place upon humanitarians an obligation to report on starvation crimes which could put them in conflict with a host government (or other authorities) or conflict with their operational mandate. Rather, it is designed as an educational guide and a practical tool for those with an investigative or a principle of témoignage mandate. It will be holistic in approach, considering the prosecution, defence and victim perspectives. The Manual will consist of three parts:
- Framework Guide: An accessible guide on the international crime of starvation under the existing legal framework. This will also include a focus on the obligations on states arising out of UN Security Council Resolution S/ RES/2417 (‘UNSC 2417);
- Basic Investigative Standards Protocols: Two Protocols will be prepared, one for non-lawyers, investigators and first responders, to assist them in identifying the minimum standards (collection, documentation and preservation of evidence) that should be adhered to when investigating starvation related offences; and, the second for professional investigators and lawyers already operating in this space, to capacity build on best practice; and
- Remedies and Standard Operating Procedure: The purpose of part three is to ventilate in layman’s terms the range of available mechanisms to bring a claim, submission, case or complaint for a starvation related offence.
The Manual will be available in hard-copy in 2019, as an on-line resource through this website and Global Rights Compliance and the World Peace Foundation’s websites, and will be suitable for adaptation to portable device applications for mobile phone and tablet use in the field. These training materials will be disseminated to a range of official organisations and judicial actors to bolster their ability to include the crime of starvation in existing venues and mechanisms in an effort to advance international law and accountability for starvation offences worldwide.
Workshops and mentoring will be offered on the resources, with an initial delegation to be convened in 2019