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Phase II underway: GRC is proud to launch the second phase of its ground-breaking project, Accountability for Mass Starvation: UNSC 2417 Implementation Mechanisms

7 December 2020

Global Rights Compliance (“GRC”), with the generous support of the Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs, is proud to announce the start of Phase II of its Accountability for Mass Starvation Project: UNSC 2417 Implementation Mechanisms. The Project seeks to promote understanding and implementation of the landmark UN Security Council Resolution S/RES/2417 which highlights that “starvation of civilians as a method of warfare may constitute a war crime” and a threat to international peace and security. 


Phase I saw ground-breaking achievements such as:

  • the production of an expert compendium that for the first-time outlines with precision the elements of the crime of starvation, assesses the practical implications for humanitarian actors and explores the means by which individual responsibility may be established in a range of settings, including in regards to Syria, Yemen and South Sudan.
  • the development of, and training upon, the first Starvation Training Manual to guide front-line responders in identifying and documenting violations relating to starvation, to strengthen protection strategies and to insulate operations, reporting and responses; and
  • the historic, unanimous adoption of the Rome Statute Amendment to include starvation as a war crime in non-international armed conflicts, in conjunction with the Swiss FDFA.

In Phase II, GRC will actively support ratification of the Rome Statute amendment and legislative harmonisation across Member States, ensuring that the ICC Rome Statute regime is not fragmented. It will look to engage not only at the international level, but also across regional, national and local levels, to develop capacities to identify, avoid, prevent and seek accountability for deliberate starvation. By increasing interdisciplinary dialogue, this phase of the Project will elevate issues of conflict-induced hunger and crimes of starvation, and further contribute to rendering deliberate starvation morally toxic. 


GRC possesses unrivalled global expertise and granular knowledge on the crime of starvation and right to food violations, derived from a dedicated starvation portfolio established in 2017. It will lead Phase II of the Project supported by an expert steering committee including World Peace Foundation Executive Director Alex de Waal. For more information about ‘Accountability for Mass Starvation: UNSC 2417 Implementation Mechanisms’ or GRC’s starvation work to date, please visit: GRC’s starvation project page and or contact our team of experts at:

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